The results are in for McKinley’s ninth installment of the Economic Impact on Associations (EIA) Study, a series examining the impact of shifting economic conditions on the association sector. In previous studies, we have seen increasing stability indicating a strong future for the association community. This year however, the EIA Study uncovered a return to more austere measures that were present during the Great Recession. While not nearly as severe, the increase in these measures could suggest the potential for another economic downturn. With that in mind, the emerging theme for this year’s report is: reflecting on the past, preparing for the future.